Tennessee child custody attorneys provide answers to frequently asked questions with regards to Tennessee child custody laws and custody in Tennessee.
If you and your spouse can agree to a custody arrangement, you will decide which spouse gets custody of your children. If you and your spouse do not agree, the court will determine the custodial arrangement based on the best interest of the child.
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In Tennessee, we have both “physical” and “legal” custody. Legal custody concerns decisions regarding the child’s health, education, and welfare. Physical custody concerns the child’s day-to-day living arrangements.
Related Article: Joint Physical Custody vs. Joint Legal Custody
Yes, in Tennessee child support is based off the Tennessee Child Support Guidelines. If parents share 50-50/equal parenting time, child support is based upon each parent having one hundred eighty-two and one-half (182.5) days of parenting time.
Related Article: Who Pays Child Support If We Share Custody?
No, child support is a completely different and independent issue from the right of visitation. If a parent refuses to pay child support, the other parent should file a Petition for Contempt.
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Under Tennessee statute, the court shall consider the reasonable preference of the child over the age of 12. The court may choose to hear the preference of a child under the age of 12. The preference of the child is one factor that the court will consider in determining the best interests of the children.
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Grandparents seeking custody from a natural parent raises issues of constitutional rights, specifically the right to privacy. If grandparents and natural parents become involved in a custody dispute, the parent will not lose custody without a showing of parental unfitness or a showing of substantial harm to the child.
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In Tennessee, all divorcing parents enter into a Permanent Parenting Plan. The Permanent Parenting Plan accounts for the physical and legal custody of your children.
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This is not applicable in Tennessee.
The court may order temporary child support during the litigation. The Tennessee Child Support Guidelines apply to temporary support orders.
Related Article: Preparing For A Temporary Orders Hearing
Custody can be decided at any point between the parties. A court can award temporary custody if requested by either of the parties. Custody may be decided at mediation. If the parties cannot reach an agreement, custody will be decided by the court at a trial.
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The standard for modifying child custody is a material and substantial change in circumstance that affects the best interest of the child.
Related Article: Can Parents File For A Custody Modification At Any Time?
If you and the other parent cannot agree to a child custody arrangement, the court will determine the custody arrangement. The court will determine the custodial arrangement that is in the child’s best interest.
An ex parte order is a temporary order that is granted without notice of hearing to the other side. These orders are unusual and only issued in certain circumstances. An ex parte order is only issued for a certain period of time. For example, if one parent alleges physical abuse, the court may grant an ex parte order.
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If parents cannot agree to a custodial arrangement, the court determines custody based on the best interest of the child.
Related Article: The Factors Courts Consider When Determining Child Custody
The court will base custody on the best interests of the child. You will want to speak to an attorney about anything you can do to increase your chances at getting a larger custody agreement.
Related Article: Custody Gameplan: Building A Case For Equal Custody
In Tennessee, the term is parenting time. Parenting time refers to the number of days each parent has physical custody of the child.
The court’s job is to determine visitation that is in the best interest of the minor children. Under certain circumstances, the judge may order supervised visitation. Termination of parental rights is something that you should discuss with your attorney.
No, in Tennessee gender is not a factor in awarding custody. In years past, the court favored awarding mother custody if the children were of tender years. However, the “tender years presumption” no longer exists in Tennessee.
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The court will award custody based on the best interest of the child. Your attorney can offer no assurances as to the outcome of any custody litigation.
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Yes. You should discuss with your attorney any evidence that you plan to collect. You should be aware that there are state and federal wiretapping laws that must be strictly complied with by you and your attorney.
A Guardian ad Litem is not necessary in most cases. Either party may request a Guardian ad Litem be appointed by the court. In some cases, the court will appoint a Guardian ad Litem without a request from either party.
Related Article: Using A Guardian Ad Litem In A Custody Case
Probably not. Most of the time the judges, lawyers, and parties prefer to keep children, especially young children, out of court.
Congress passed the Parental Kidnapping Prevention Act (PKPA) in 1980. The purpose of PKPA was to prioritize jurisdictional grounds to prevent states from fighting over jurisdiction over child custody issues.
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Neither party can relocate out of the state while a divorce is pending. After the divorce, the primary residential parent can relocate after giving the appropriate notice to the other parent. For the alternative residential parent to defeat a relocation of the child by the primary residential parent, the parent must prove a substantial risk of harm to the child if custody remained the same.
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Usually no. If parents are unmarried, Tennessee case law states that the child’s last name is mother’s preference.
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Most likely. However, under the Tennessee Child Support Guidelines, it is possible for the alternative residential parent to receive child support from the primary residential parent.
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